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    Electromyographic Analysis of Rotator Cuff and Deltoid Musculature During Common External Rotation Exercises

    Research Review: EMG Analysis of Rotator Cuff and Deltoid Musculature during Common External Rotation Exercises

    By Jill Wosmek, MA, ATC

    Edited by Brent Brookbush DPT, PT, MS, PES, CES, CSCS, ACSM H/FS

    Original Citation: Reinold MM, Wilk KE, Fleisig GS, Zheng N, Barrentine SW, Chmielewski T, Cody RC, Jameson GG, Andrews JR.  Electromyographic Analysis of the Rotator Cuff and Deltoid Musculature During Common Shoulder External Rotation Exercises.  J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2004 Jul;34(7):385-94 - Abstract

    Why is this relevant?:

    Comparing exercises by examining muscle recruitment and activity may help to refine exercise selection and enhance intervention.  In this study, several common shoulder external rotator exercises were analyzed using EMG, and the activity of rotator cuff and deltoid musculature was recorded.  This study may serve to enhance programs designed for shoulder rehabilitation and/or performance goals related to shoulder motion.

    Study Summary

    Study Design
    Prospective single-group repeated-measures design

    Level of Evidence
     Level II:

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    Correcting Forward Head Posture affects Lumbosacral Radiculopathy

    Research Review: Correcting Forward Head Posture affects Lumbosacral Radiculopathy

    By Jinny McGivern, PT, DPT, Certified Yoga Instructor

    Edited by Brent Brookbush DPT, PT, MS, PES, CES, CSCS, ACSM H/FS

    Original Citation: Moustafa, I. M., & Diab, A. A. (2015). The Effect of Adding Forward Head Posture Corrective Exercises in the Management of Lumbosacral Radiculopathy: A Randomized Controlled Study. Journal of manipulative and physiological therapeutics, 38(3), 167-178. ABSTRACT

    Why is this relevant?: Low back pain is one of the most common, if not the most common orthopedic issues diagnosed and treated in the united states.  Various physiological, environmental, psychological and social factors may contribute to the disability and pathology associated with low back pain. This research demonstrates the importance of considering posture and alignment of the entire spine (especially of the cervical spine), regional interdependence, and perhaps the continuity of the nervous system when assessing and planning interventions for individuals with chronic low back pain.

    Study Summary

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    Increased Eccentric Hip Abductor Strength Reduces Risk of Patellofemoral Pain in Novice Runners

    Research Review: Increased Eccentric Hip Abductor Strength Reduces Risk of Patellofemoral Pain in Novice Runners

    By Jinny McGivern PT, DPT, Certified Yoga Instructor

    Edited by Brent Brookbush DPT, PT, MS, PES, CES, CSCS, ACSM H/FS

    Original Citation: Ramskov, D., Barton, C., Nielsen, R. O., & Rasmussen, S. (2015). High Eccentric Hip Abduction Strength Reduces the Risk of Developing Patellofemoral Pain Among Novice Runners Initiating a Self-Structured Running Program: A 1-Year Observational Study. journal of orthopaedic & sports physical therapy45(3), 153-161. ABSTRACT

    Image courtesy of http://strengthambassadors.com/online-courses/online-courses/blog/best-way-prevent-injuries-for-runners-part-1/

     Why is this relevant?: Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is one of the more common injuries among runners.  It has a high incidence of recurrence and chronicity.  Previous findings about the relationship between hip

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    Altered glenohumeral kinematics in individuals with shoulder pain

    Research Review: Altered glenohumeral kinematics in individuals with shoulder pain

    By Stefanie DiCarrado DPT, PT, NASM CPT & CES

    Edited by Brent Brookbush DPT, PT, MS, PES, CES, CSCS, ACSM H/FS

    Original Citation: Lawrence, R.L., Braman, J.P., Staker, J.L., Laprade, R.F., Ludewig, P.M. (2014) Comparison of 3-dimensional shoulder complex kinematics in individuals with and without shoulder pain, Part 2: Glenohumeral joint.  Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy 44(9). 646-B3  - ARTICLE

    Why is this relevant?: Shoulder impingement syndrome is one of the most common source of shoulder pain (1).  Impingement related injury to the supraspinatus tendon, subacromial bursa, long head of the biceps tendon, and the anterior capsule can lead to tendonitis, tendon tear, or bursitis (2,3). Several treatment options exist for this syndrome: rest / reduce use of affected arm, general exercise, and/or manual physical therapy.  To properly treat this condition and remove the underlying movement dysfunction (or prevent injury all together) one must understand the joint dyskinesis leading to impingement.  The authors of this study

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    Altered Scapular Kinematics in Individuals with Shoulder Pain

    Research Review: Altered Scapular Kinematics in Individuals with Shoulder Pain

    By Jinny McGivern DPT, PT, Certified Yoga Instructor

    Edited by Brent Brookbush DPT, PT, MS, PES, CES, CSCS, ACSM H/FS

    Original Citation: Lawrence, R. L., Braman, J. P., Laprade, R. F., & Ludewig, P. M. (2014). Comparison of 3-dimensional shoulder complex kinematics in individuals with and without shoulder pain, part 1: sternoclavicular, acromioclavicular, and scapulothoracic joints. journal of orthopaedic & sports physical therapy, 44(9), 636-A8.  ABSTRACT

    Note the four joints that make up the shoulder complex.  This article will discuss motion at the Sternoclavicular (SC), Acromioclavicular (AC) and Scapulothoracic (ST) joints.

    Image courtesy of http://www.eorthopod.com/online-courses/online-courses/shoulder-dislocations/topic/224

    Why is this relevant?: Shoulder pain is one of the most commonly reported

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